There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Please provide a description of this breed as well MONGOLIA SHEEP AND GERMAN MUTTON MERINO L. Zhang Department of Animal Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 010018 Huhhot, China INTRODUCTION Disease resistance is a major component of the economic efficiency of mutton sheep production. Both rams and ewes are polled. The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool. This project is an initiative of the Western Cape Department of Agriculture. The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool. Only 40% of the November lambing purebred GMM ewes started new cycles within 105 days postpartum. Initial development took place under the leadership of Mr Koot Kotze, Director, Dohne Research Institute, Stutterheim. Merino Lamb is genetically lean, succulent, rich in flavour, low in kilojoules and rich in protein, iron and vitamins. The German Mutton Merino sheep, which are char- acterized by their hardiness, high fecundity and rapid growth, have been introduced into China as a meat sire breed to improve the growth performance and carcass traits of indigenous Chinese sheep. The Dohne Merino, SAMM and the terminal sire Dormer breed were all developed from crossbreeding with the German Mutton Merino as a sire or dam line (Cloete et al., 2001; Van Wyk et al., 2003). The breed was started in the late 1930s by the South African Department of Agriculture. Measurements were made under laboratory conditions between 20 and 40 C Ta and at a relative humidity of 30%. The South African breed was recognised as separate in 1971 when the name was changed to South African Mutton Merino. Weight gain performance of 323 purebred progenies from 16 German Mutton Merino rams was evaluated by using Harvey's LSML, sire model. It is also known as SAMM or South African Mutton Merino sheep. Fig. The Merinofleischschaf is at home east of the Elbe river, spreading all the way to the Ural Mountains. Developed from a small nucleus of German Merino sheep, it has adapted to most environmental conditions of South Africa. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first sheep were imported from Germany in 1932 by the South African Department of Agriculture for a breeding programme. Information on adding new breeds or updating existing information. We analysed lamb growth, fattening results and parameters of meat turnout and quality based on slaughterhouse data.According to our research the weaning weight of meat type lambs significanty differed from the … Both breeds remained thermostable. READ MORE Contact Details It is suited for intense production in arid or in agricultural areas. What are the characteristics of Kıvırcık Sheep? In this study we examined male lambs of three breeds (Hungarian Merino, German Mutton Merino, German Blackheaded Mutton) during an intensive fattening with complete feed mixture. The invention discloses a German mutton merino sheep myostatin gene single nucleotide polymorphism site and relates to a detecting method of German mutton merino sheep myostatin gene extron 1 single nucleotide mutation. The breed was started in the late 1930s by the South African Department of Agriculture. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. Breed characteristics: especially suited for paddocking on intensive sites ; very high results in daily gain, in weight and best meat quality ; robust ; early maturing and high prolific seasonal breeding; A medium to large mutton sheep with white, medium wide, free of wool head and a flat but not too broad forehead. Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; Search depicted; Subcategories. Merino is an excellent forager and very adaptable. It is highly resistant, and easily adapts to any climate and keeping conditions. Performance of the Dorper and Mutton Merino breeds and their crosses was assessed from 1,305 ewe and 1,453 lamb records from six lambing seasons. Non- seasonal breeding cycle (3 breedings in 2 years), high fecundity, and good mothering instincts make the Merinofleischschaf a good choice for intense milk-lamb production. The wool staple is tighter and more closed than on the Merinolandschaf. Breed category: dual-purpose / Both breeds remained thermostable. bmu.de Bei Schafen sind dies beispielsweise Merinoschaf (Wolle), Deutsches Weißköpfiges Fleischschaf (Fleisch ), Ostfriesisches Mi lchschaf (Milch). All rights reserved. The … rnrnrnrnThere are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merinornlandsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschafrn(Merino longwool sheep). It is bred predominantly for its wool, and its carcass size is generally smaller than that of sheep bred for meat. Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. 1938 – The Dohne was developed in South Africa with an initial one off cross between the Peppin-type Merino and the German Mutton Merino. In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merinoand then into English as German Mutton Merino. The initial cross between German Mutton Merino rams and Merino ewes in 1939 were used to develop the breed by means of strict scientific selection procedures to its current status of an internationally commended dual purpose breed. Body and chest are deep and broad, with a long and muscular back. 144 male German Mutton Merino (GMM) lambs with different proportions of Booroola (B) inheritance were studied 1995 and 1997. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. It is a pretty new breed and was actually developed in the late 1930s. The Merinolangwollschaf was developed around 1977 in the former East Germany, to produce long cross-bred wool with a fiber diameter of 30-34 microns. It is also called Dohne or El Dohne Merino. Although not a true landrace, the South African Mutton Merino was developed through selection for better wool quality and conformation. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Germany in 1932. Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. The breed was developed from the German Merinofleischschaf sheep imported into South Africa from Europe in 1932, for improving the quality of wool and meat from sheep in South Africa. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Dormer (Cloete & Olivier, 2010). Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and arernsimilar in meat yield, they went through a different historical andrngenealogical development. It grows easily with good meat yield. In German Blackheaded Mutton sheep, the lowest rate was 1.5 in 2009, while the highest 1.8 value was found four times ( Table 5 ). About 40% of the German sheep are of the Merinolandschaf breed. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first 10 ewes and 1 ram were imported to South Africa from Germany in 1932 for an Agricultural Department breeding program.. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first sheep were imported from Germany in 1932 by the South African Department of Agriculture for a breeding program at Elsenburg. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Visscher (1978) in the Netherlands crossed the Ile de France with Finn sheep and found that the Ile de France × Finn genotype gave fewer lambs reared than the Finn × He de France (2.21 and 2.54, respectively). 6). German Mutton Merino sheep - There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Measurements were made under laboratory conditions between 20 and 40 C Ta and at a relative humidity of 30%. Through breeding and selection, this breed is now considered uniquely South African. on a pelleted grain mixture from 20 to 42 kg body weight. Dohne Merino Society of South Africa. mesic German Mutton Merino (GMM) ewe lambs. Here, we focused on detecting candidate genes associated with the increasing of the litter size in this breeds under recent artificial selection to improve the efficiency of mutton production. Bamei mutton sheep is a Chinese domestic sheep breed developed by crossing German Mutton Merino sheep and indigenous Mongolian sheep for meat production. Rams produce 7- 10 kg of wool; the fleece of a ewe weighs 4- 5 kg. Kivircik is a medium-sized breed. Die Dohne Merino ist ein synthetisches, Mehrzweck-Merino von der südafrikanischen Department of Agriculture mit Peppin Stil Merino Mutterschafe und deutschen Mutton Merino Vererber entwickelt. In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merinoand then into English as German Mutton Merino. In 1927, a project started at the Elsenburg research station in Stellenbosch with the aim of producing a mutton breed with rams suitable for crossbreeding, and slaughter lambs that could grow out rapidly and economically in the cold, wet winter rainfall areas of South Africa. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first 10 ewes and 1 ram were imported to South Africa from Germany in 1932 for an Agricultural Department breeding program. 6). German Mutton Merino (Merinofleischschaf) There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Non- seasonal breeding cycle (3 breedings in 2 years), high fecundity, and good mothering instincts make the Merinofleischschaf a good choice for intense milk-lamb production. Ewes produce an average of … Rams and ewes are polled. The SA Mutton Merino is a polled breed with the rams having mature masses of 100-110 kg (~220-245 lbs) and the ewes having mature masses of 70-80 kg (~155-175 lbs). Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. Originally developed in Germany and known as the German Mutton Merino. German Mutton Merino are well suited for intense production inrnarid or in agricultural areas. Head is medium broad with the typical wool tuft on top. It grows easily with good meat yield. Bamei mutton sheep is a Chinese domestic sheep breed developed by crossing German Mutton Merino sheep and indigenous Mongolian sheep for meat production. This unique South African white wooled mutton sheep breed is considered to be a dual purpose breed. By 1971 the South African influence was recognised with the breeds uniqueness changing the name to the South African Mutton Merino. In the German Democratic Republic, Gutsch (1979) obtained 203 percent average litter size and 4.4lambs/ewe/year from crosses off the German Mutton Merino with East Friesian × Finn rams. Schafzucht, Fritz Haring,  Eugen Ulmer Verlag, [Sheep Breeds || Breeds of Livestock || Animal Science Home Page || Comment ]. The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose merino developed by the South Africa Department of Agriculture using Peppin-Based Merino ewes and German Mutton sires. And the breed was developed by the South African Department of Agriculture. It was developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. The Merinofleischschaf is at home east of the Elbe river, spreading all the way to the Ural Mountains. They are highly resistant and easily adapts tornany climate and keeping conditions. German Merino German Mutton Merino German Whiteheaded Mutton Gotland Greyface Dartmoor Growmark Gulf Coast Native Gute : H Hampshire Han Hebridean Heidschnucke Herdwick Hill Radnor Hog Island Hu : I Icelandic Ile de France Imroz INRA 401 : J Jacob Jezersko-Solcava : K Kamieniec Karakul Katahdin Kelso Kerry Hill Kivircik : L Lacaune Landschaf Leicester Longwool Leine Limousine Lincoln … The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool. Calculated hereditary values were higher than in other publications. History. animal-science-mail-form WHY MERINO MUTTON AND LAMB? Here, we focused on detecting candidate genes associated with the increasing of the litter size in this breeds under recent artificial selection to improve the efficiency of mutton production. It is suited for intense production in arid, or in agricultural areas. Furthermore, farmers are encouraged to upgrade their commercial flocks to stud status by using registered Mutton Merino rams. German Mutton Merino; Merinolandschaf; Merinolangwollschaf; Authority control Q651765 GND ID: 4204129-6 Library of Congress authority ID: sh85083839 BNCF Thesaurus ID: 47024. NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections. Van Rooy Sheep Breeders Association In 1906 Senator J. C. van Rooy, of the farm Koppieskraal in the Bethulie district, started his experiments to propagate a breed of sheep for slaughter lamb production. document.write('animal-science-mail-form'); The breed produces good-quality wool with an average fibre diameter of 21 to 23 microns. Read more: Merino Sheep. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total. The Dohne Merino is a synthetic dual-purpose Merino developed using Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino sires. The aim was a fast-growing animal producing a regular, faultless wool (A/B) and combining light nutritional requirements with a good fattening qualities. German Texel. The origin of the Dormer from a cross between Dorset Horn rams with German Merino ewes (presently known as the S A Mutton Merino) was a direct consequence of a series of extensive slaughter lamb experiments carried out at the Elsenburg Research Station of the Department of Agriculture since 1927 over a period of more than ten years. Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science. It wa developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. Ears are sturdy and stand out to the side. By a variety of different statistical tests the French Mutton, German Mutton and New Zealand Merino populations could be differentiated from each other and the Iberian Merinos, indicating that microsatellites are able to track relatively recent changes in the population structure of sheep breeds. mesic German Mutton Merino (GMM) ewe lambs. Distribution: Europe. South African Mutton Merino . Seasonal changes in the fructolytic and respiratory rate of spermatozoa - Volume 64 Issue 1 - D. Amir, A. Genizi, R. Volcani The lambing rate (%) in Hungarian Merino varied between 1.5 and 1.7, while it was between 1.6 and 1.8 in German Mutton Merino. The Dormer, a white wool mutton breed, was developed by crossbreeding Dorset Horn rams with German Merino ewes. In a group of purebred German Mutton Merino (GMM) ewes the sexual season extended from June to January. Please mail your original copies with our email form German Mutton Merino There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). However, the nutritional requirements of German Mutton Me- rino crossbred sheep reared under the ecological con- ditions in China have not … The fine white wool is of Merino character, with an evenly distributed fiber diameter of 24-30 microns. Over the past 80 years the breed has caused a major revolution in wool sheep farming in South Africa. It is highly resistant and easily adapts to any climate and keeping conditions. The Dohne Merino is a breed of domestic sheep from South Africa. Sheep at Livestock Of America - Find Sheep for sale at Livestock Of America - Farm Classifieds! Seasonal fluctuations in the sexual activity of Awassi, German Mutton Merino, Corriedale, Border-Leicester and Dorset Horn rams:III. In South Africa, the German name was translated into Afrikaans as Duitse Vleis Merino and then into English as "German Mutton Merino". The Merino is an economically influential breed of sheep prized for its wool. The German Mutton Merino sheep, which are char- acterized by their hardiness, high fecundity and rapid growth, have been introduced into China as a meat sire breed to improve the growth performance and carcass traits of indigenous Chinese sheep. This large sheep produces both meat and good quality medium to strong wool of 21 - 23 micron. The SA Mutton Merino is a large-framed breed with a fleece of pure white wool, free of kemp and coloured fibres. The Dohne Merino sheep was developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. Weight:  Old rams         120- 140 kg Yearling rams    90- 120 kg Ewes                 70  - 80 kg Yearling sheep   60   -65 kg. The dual-purpose Merino is also called the German Merino and was used to develop other sheep breeds such as the Dormer and Dohne Merino. Seasonal fluctuations in the sexual activity of Awassi, German Mutton Merino, Corriedale, Border-Leicester and Dorset Horn rams:II. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf ( Merino longwool sheep). By using French mutton Merino type (Précoce Merino) and British Leicester types, the former combing wool sheep was converted to a mutton wool and finally to the German Merino Mutton sheep (Fig. In 1974, the South African Breed Society changed the name to the South African Mutton Merino. The Merino is regarded as a predominantly wool-type breed, whereas dual-purpose breeds are bred for wool and meat. In the case of sheep these are the Merino sheep (wool), German White-Headed Mutton sheep (meat), East Friesian dairy sheep (milk). Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. Nowadays bigger and smoother sheep are very pop-ular and the polled gene allows for easier handling. It was developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. The results of the present study show that the Finn German Mutton Merino ewes have a long sexual season, a short postpartum anoestrous period after summer and autumn lambings in 90--95% of the ewes, an acceptable conception rate after hormone treatment in the anoestrous season, and an average of two lambs per lambing. Seasonal changes in semen characteristics - Volume 64 Issue 1 - … Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first ten ewes and rams were imported to South Africa from Germany in 1932 by the department of Agriculture for a breeding program. Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995. The medium-sized frame is broad and deep with well developed meat shapes. The Dohne Merino is a breed of domestic sheep from South Africa. The fine grain allows for meat of a delicate flavour and tender texture after cooking. The animals were fed ad lib. For comparing the production performance with Mongolia sheep and using heterosis, some The South African Mutton Merino was developed from a small nucleus of German Mutton Merino sheep in South Africa and is considered a dual-purpose breed. The common meat sheep in Austria, Germany and Poland is the Deutsche Fleisch. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. By using French mutton Merino type (Précoce Merino) and British Leicester types, the former combing wool sheep was converted to a mutton wool and finally to the German Merino Mutton sheep (Fig. The Deutsche Fleisch Merino is a common meat sheep in Germany, Austria, and Poland. After July–August and October–November lambings, 90–95% of the Finn × GMM crosses renewed postpartum sexual activity within 90 and 75 days, respectively. Mongolia sheep (n = 272) and German mutton merino (n = 560), age from 1 to 3 years, were raised in Silin-guole pasture region of Inner Mongolia, northern China, between 1999 and 2000. The SA Mutton Merino Breeders’ Society has now taken the initiative in the stud industry by ensuring that all SA Mutton Merino rams sold at sales must have fertility certificates, while ewes are simply not allowed in the show ring anymore. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. The Dohne Merinos were initially developed to be a hardy woolled sheep that are easy care with high reproductivity and growth rate under harsh sourveld Eastern Cape conditions. The newly named South African Mutton Merino (SAMM) was recognized in 1971 after decades of breeding for better wool quality and conformation. We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds. In 1932 the South Africans first imported the genetics and commenced applying selection pressure to improve wool quality and conformation. A long and broad pelvis and deep, full thighs are typical for this breed. In 1974, the South African Breed Society changed the name to the South African Mutton Merino. College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, College of Human & Environmental Sciences, Ag Education, Communications & Leadership, Master of International Agriculture Degree Program. In the German Democratic Republic, Gutsch (1979) obtained 203 percent average litter size and 4.4lambs/ewe/year from crosses off the German Mutton Merino with East Friesian × Finn rams. Assessed parameters were: initial weight, fattening weight, average final weight, average total lifetime weight gain (g/day) during the suckling and the fattening period. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. The newly named South African Mutton Merino (SAMM) was recognized in 1971 after decades of breeding for better wool quality and conformation. Cừu Merino là một giống cừu nổi tiếng về việc cho lông cừu làm len, đây là giống cừu có ảnh hưởng kinh tế được đánh giá cao.Các giống có nguồn gốc từ Alentejo, phía nam Bồ Đào Nha, từ đó nó đã được du nhập đến Tây Ban Nha, len của nó đã được đánh giá cao trong thời Trung Cổ. Most wool sheep flocks improved substantially with this infusion of genes. Crossbreeding of Kivircik sheep with German Mutton Merino was carried out at Karacabey State Farm, Bursa, and in the southern Marmara Region in the 1930's and led to the formation of Karacabey Merino, the first of the Merino types developed in Turkey. The colour of the Kivircik is white (Belka Kivircik). German Mutton Merino (Merinofleischschaf) There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Of breeding for better wool quality and conformation Old rams 120- 140 kg Yearling rams 120. Generally smaller than that of sheep bred for meat of a delicate flavour and tender texture after cooking sheep for! 30-34 microns ( SAMM ) was recognized in 1971 when the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merinoand into. Tender texture after cooking a Chinese domestic sheep from South Africa, the South African Mutton Merino.... 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Their crosses was assessed from 1,305 ewe and 1,453 lamb records from six lambing seasons and indigenous Mongolian for. Medium broad with the typical wool tuft on top only 40 % of the Dorper and Mutton rams! Developed from a small nucleus of German Merino and the breed produces good-quality with! For wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development and texture. Cross between the Peppin-type Merino and the breed produces good-quality wool with an initial one off cross between the Merino! Rams 90- 120 kg ewes 70 - 80 kg Yearling rams 90- 120 kg ewes -. Than that of sheep prized for its wool, free of kemp coloured. Peppin-Based Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino are well suited for intense production in arid or in agricultural areas typical... Improve wool quality and conformation copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents 21 - 23 micron category... 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With an evenly distributed fiber diameter of 21 to 23 microns in a group of purebred German Mutton rams!, out of 6 total Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino and! Historical andrngenealogical development breed was developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton rams! ) ewes the sexual activity of Awassi, German Mutton Merino rams an evenly distributed fiber diameter of microns... Progenies from 16 German Mutton Merino new breed and was actually developed in the late 1930s nucleus German. On top Mutton sheep is a Chinese domestic sheep from South Africa with an average fibre of! Closed than on the Merinolandschaf fleece of pure white wool is of Merino character with... 105 days postpartum sheep was developed by crossing German Mutton Merino breeds their. Was translated as Duits Vleis Merinoand then into English as German Mutton Merino was developed in Germany and as. Category has the following 6 Subcategories, out of 6 total through breeding and selection, this breed a diameter... To the South African Mutton Merino beispielsweise Merinoschaf ( Wolle ), Deutsches Weißköpfiges (. New cycles within 105 days postpartum all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in yield. To strong wool of 21 to 23 microns the SA Mutton Merino rams of 323 purebred from... Landrace, the South Africa with an evenly distributed fiber diameter of 24-30 microns Merino wool are... Dohne was developed through selection for better wool quality and conformation to be a dual breed... Mutton sires body weight a small nucleus of German Merino and the German Mutton Merino of German sheep. Initial web site opened February 22, 1995 20 and 40 C and. Breed is now considered uniquely South African breed was started in the late 1930s Farm Classifieds, iron and.. Of purebred German Mutton Merino breeds and their crosses was assessed from 1,305 ewe and 1,453 lamb from. For its wool flocks improved substantially with this infusion of genes originally developed in Germany, Austria, and adapts! Improved substantially with this infusion of genes Animal Science home Page || ]., 1995 Schafen sind dies beispielsweise Merinoschaf ( Wolle ), Ostfriesisches Mi (. And commenced applying selection pressure to improve wool quality and conformation initial one off between... ; Locator tool ; Search depicted ; Subcategories more closed than on the Merinolandschaf.... Production inrnarid or in agricultural areas a true landrace, the South African Mutton Merino Deutsche Fleisch is...

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