It receives much less precipitation; its annual total is only 438.5 mm (17 in), or a little more than what Valdivia receives in the month of June alone. The capital and largest city of Chile is Santiago. Geography. Chile : geography, maps, flag, statistics, photos and cultural information about Chile. Chile and Japan were previously in Economic Partnership Agreements. Chile occupies a long, narrow coastal land strip wedged between the Andes Mountains to the east and the South Pacific Ocean to the west. Summer in Chile lasts from December through February. The Juan Fernández Islands, located 587 km (365 mi) west of Valparaíso, are the locale of a small fishing settlement. [42] Chile's top three exporting partners are China, the United States, and Japan. Physical Geography of Latin America. Most of the large cities in Chile began as settlement locations for Spanish colonists living in homes constructed from adobe. As in the far north, the coastal areas of the near north have a distinct microclimate. Exclusive economic zone: The best known of Chile's Pacific Islands is Easter Island (Isla de Pascua, also known by its Polynesian name of Rapa Nui), with a population of 2,800 people. At nearly 2,700 miles, Chile's length from north to south is about the same distance as the United States' width from east to west. Much of Chile's coastline is rugged, with surf that seems to explode against the rocks lying at the feet of high bluffs. Canada: roughly half the size of Quebec STUDY. Chile is a land of extremes, with soaring snow-capped peaks, glaciers, fjords, volcanoes, fertile valleys and the world’s driest desert. Flashcards. Discover (and save!) Its physical geography includes the Andes mountain range, volcanoes, beaches, ice fields and even a desert in the northern half. Since the early 1970s, the fishing industry has also developed lots in the main ports of the area, most notably Iquique and Antofagasta. Founded in 1848 by Col. José de los Santos Mardones, it flourished as a port of call and coaling station until the opening of the your own Pins on Pinterest Three major landform regions divide Chile: the Andes Mountains, the coast and islands, and the Central Valley. From north to south, Chile extends 4,270 km (2,653 mi), and yet it only averages 177 km (110 mi) east to west. The area's other main economic activity is oil and natural gas extraction from the areas around the Strait of Magellan. Human Geography: Home; Haiti; Chile; More; Chile's life. At this location, the higher elevations of the coastal range facing the Andes become a multiplicity of islands, forming an intricate labyrinth of channels and fjords that have been an enduring challenge to maritime navigators. It is noted for its 867 monoliths (moais), which are huge (up to twenty meters high) and mysterious, expressionless faces sculpted of volcanic stone. arable land: Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. Climate Affecting Plants and Animals The climate in Cabo de Hornos, Chile consists of fairly cool temperatures throughout the year as well as consistent precipitation throughout the year coming in the form of rainfall. Keywords Late Miocene Middle Miocene Late Carboniferous Coastal … 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi) The higher elevations in the interior sections are covered with shrubs and cacti of various kinds. Some sections still consist of old-growth forests, and in all seasons, but especially in the spring and summer, there are plenty of wildflowers and flowering trees. Contrary to the image of monochrome barrenness that most people associate with deserts, the landscape is spectacular, with its crisscrossing hills and mountains of all shapes and sizes, each with a unique hue depending on its mineral composition, its distance from the observer, and the time of day. This is the case with the huemul, a large deer, and the Chilean condor, the largest bird of its kind; both animals are on the national coat of arms. [36] South of Chile there is a wet climate because of the Mediterranean coastline this leading the wet season to range from May to August. per month. It is coastal to the South Pacific Ocean, and a portion of the South Atlantic Ocean. [33] Illegal water extractions are now becoming common in Chile. It extends approximately 2,700 miles (4,300 km) from its boundary with Peru, at latitude 17°30′ S, to the tip of South America at Cape Horn, latitude 56° S, a point only about 400 miles north of Antarctica. The clash between the Earth's surface plates has also generated the Andes, a geologically young mountain range that, in Chilean territory alone, includes about 620 volcanoes, many of them active. Exports of fresh fruit began to rise dramatically in the mid-1970s because Chilean growers had the advantage of being able to reach markets in the Northern Hemisphere during winter in that part of the world. Chile is a long narrow country which extends like a ribbon down the west coast of South America. PLAY. Since Chile extends from a point about 625 km (388 mi) north of the Tropic of Capricorn to a point hardly more than 1,400 km (870 mi) north of the Antarctic Circle, a broad selection of the Earth's climates can be found in this country. Andes Mountains. Each has its own characteristic vegetation, fauna, climate, and, despite the omnipresence of both the Andes and the Pacific, its own distinct topography. erocks07. Almost one-fifth of Chile is protected to varying degrees in national parks and reserves. Despite these differing ideas about what land belongs to which country, the President of Chile claims that these issues will get resolved. 3, pp. The Geography of Chile. Contiguous zone: It is usually divided by geographers into five regions: the far north, the near north, central Chile, the south, and the far south. Thank you for becoming a member. The War of the Pacific was fought between Chile, Bolivia, and Peru in the late 1800s. The decisions were accomplished on January 27, 1839 by the International Court of Justice [25] The War of the Pacific was in the years 1879-1883. Physical Geography of Chile Thursday, April 18, 2013. The _____ Ocean is west of South America. Physical Geography. Some desert countries like Egypt have a higher arable land percentage than Chile. Updated January 14, 2020. The element of physical geography that binds the countries of southern South America together is _?_. Sitting on the Pacific Rim at 35 degrees North and 105 degrees East is the People’s Republic of China. Atlas de la historia física y política de Chile, tomo 1.pdf 1,423 × 2,033, 186 pages; 79.82 MB. Almost sixty of these had erupted in the twentieth century by the early 1990s. Geographically, the aridity can be explained by the following conditions: Average monthly temperatures range at sea level between about 20.5 °C (68.9 °F) during the summer and about 14 °C (57.2 °F) during the winter. During the twentieth century, Chile has been struck by twenty-eight major earthquakes, all with a force greater than 6.9 on the Richter scale. 200–350 nmi (370.4–648.2 km; 230.2–402.8 mi), Natural resources: This airborne moisture condenses in the spines and leaves of the vegetation, droplets that fall to the ground and irrigate the plants' roots. This latter earthquake occurred on May 22, the day after another major quake measuring 7.25 on the Richter scale, and covered an extensive section of south-central Chile. Environment - international agreements: Physical Geography; People: Culture and Lifestyle; Further Reading; Sources ; Chile. Chile's allocation percentage is smaller than its neighboring countries Argentina (53.9%) and Bolivia (34.3%), but larger than Peru's (18.8%). LHS-CAT. Capital - Santiago animals of Chile are valued highly throughout the world; Wild Darwin's Fox - native to Chile, critically endangered; 50% of the world's 87 species of marine mammals (in the family cetacea) have been reported on the Chilean coast This event lasts from December 23 to 27. The Andes region is an awesome mountain barrier. The three most populated cities in Chile are Santiago, Valparaíso, and Concepción. Area: signed, but not ratified: 0.61% Chile's unusual, ribbon-like shape - 4,300 km long and on average 175 km wide - has given it a hugely varied climate. Language: Spanish, The official website of Chile Cultural Society, Norway salmon spot prices to rebound in week three, Scots, Chilean hold firm - Undercurrent News, Embrace the potential of Chilean wines - Hampstead Highgate Express, Repsol, Ibereolica Renovables shipping nacelles for 110-MW project in Chile - Renewables Now, Chile accumulates US$ 2.9bn in tenders in re... - BNamericas English, Mabanaft inks MoU to buy up to 500m litres of H2-sourced fuel in Chile - Renewables Now. Its diverse landscapes and climates vary dramatically from north to south, ranging from Andean mountains and glacial lakes to Pampas grassland where its famed beef cattle graze. Physical Geography. This is located the north above Santiago, the Atacama Desert has temperatures of up to 90 °F. the Land of Chile is seperated into three main regions; the Northern, the central, and the southern. Geography of Chile : official name, capital, main cities in Chile, area (756,700.00 km²), climate (The vast length of Chile accounts for its various climates. Atlas of the Physical and Political History of Chile (Plates, Volume 2) WDL3980.pdf 900 × … Height : 6863 m (Ojos del Salado) Map of Chile. Chile is situated in South America, bordered to the north by Peru, to the east by Bolivia and Argentina, to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the south by the Antarctic. The shrines can be devoted to saints or those who died tragically. copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower, thermal power, nutrient-rich ocean currents, Land use: In 2008, Peru took Chile to court over their maritime disputes. 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