SPECIES BIODIVERSITY LAB . Justify your answer with data. Parking Lot 1 Name _____ Date _____ Period _____ Parking Lot Biodiversity Purpose After reading the lab, create your own purpose below: _____ _____ Pre-Lab Discussion Biodiversity, or the variety of species in a given area, is a growing issue for habitats around III. -an assemblage of populations of organisms that live in the same place at the same time. An effort to breed North American ash trees that can resist a deadly beetle could accelerate the return of a forest icon. Materials: vehicles parked at the school, calculator, graph paper . A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Simpsons Diversity Index (D), while an ecosystem with little diversity … However, we both observed ants in our plots. Experimental ideas are created through our Hackathons and piloted in collaboration with more than 150 top law firms and legal departments across the country. -a population or group of populations of a particular type of organisms whose members share certain characteristics and can breed freely with one another and produce fertile offspring. 3. ... Fellowships and Externships in Lab Animal Medicine. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, Write out and answer the following questions. ... Diversity and Inclusion Online Newsletter. ... and how it would compare to the school parking lots. “Species diversity is perhaps the easiest to understand. in each parking lot to determine the biodiversity index and record all data in the data tables provided. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. Field Study. Biodiversity Lab Background A central theme in ecology is biodiversity, which often serves as a measure of the overall health of the ecosystem. Count the number and variety of cars in your groups’ portion of the parking lot. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. Species Diversity Lab The diversity of species present in an ecosystem can be used as one gauge of the health of an ecosystem. Answer the Pre-Lab Questions 2. n p N i i = H' S 1 p [ln(p )]ii i= 1. Species richness is a measure of the number of different species present in an ecosystem, while species evenness measures the relative abundance of the various populations present in an ecosystem. species that are originally from that certain area. Lab Team Number:_____ The Simpson Diversity Index It is sometimes useful to have an overall measure of species richness in an ecosystem. In the staff parking lot, the most abundant species was Ford vehicles. September 2017 Back of the Building. The parking lot entrances for Large Animal, Small Animal, and the G Building. Species richness is a measure of the number of different species present in an ecosystem, while species evenness measures the relative abundance of the various populations present in an ecosystem. 4. You may do calculations by hand or use a spreadsheet. The Simpson’s index ranges from 0 to 1, where 0 means no diversity and 1 means infinite diversity. Simpson’s index is a scale ranging from 0 (no heterogeneity and no diversity) to a maximum close to 1 (high heterogeneity or lots of diversity). The greater the value of D, the lower the diversity. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. The species … 2. Each species varied in its abundance because we only observed one spider, one black bug, five green bugs, one unknown plant, fifty ants under a rock, ten hind’s willow, sixty leafs of an unknown plant and other species as shown in our data above. The formula is: R = s p i = H' = - … ... Two major factors for measuring diversity are species richness and evenness. Section 2: The Lab! Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. Parking Lot Ecology Lab Exploring Biodiversity Purpose: To develop an understanding of the Shannon-Wiener diversity index and species richness as tools for measuring biodiversity and to understand the process of conducting a biodiversity study. Click to set custom HTML. In this lab you will calculate the Shannon Diversity Index for cars in a parking lot. Purpose: To understand the importance of biodiversity, calculate the indices of the Simpson’s Index, and quantify the biodiversity of a sample. Calculate the biodiversity indices of all three groups. Purpose: To develop an understanding of the Shannon-Wiener diversity index and species richness as tools for quantifying biodiversity and assessing human impacts on the environment. After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Simpsons Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. A community dominated by one or two species is considered to be less diverse than one in which several different species have similar abundance. Species Diversity Lab 1. Time: 40 minutes . A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. Also, recently many new medicines have been discovered by screening thousands of organisms for anti-cancer and antiviral properties. In ecology, it is often used to quantify the biodiversity of a habitat. We think that within that plot area there was more biodiversity but we weren’t able to identify them since the plant looked mostly the same. Index). Species Diversity Index - Student Parking Lot, Species Diversity Index - Staff Parking Lot. It uses the value D to indicate the probability that two randomly selected individuals in the community belong to the same species. (For example, if we have a sample of 100 fish containing only 2 species, this sample is equitable if there are 50 of each species. All cars in entire parking lot. Species diversity is the measure of the diversity within an ecological community that incorporates species richness and the evenness of species abundances. SPECIES BIODIVERSITY LAB . Shannon Diversity Index. POPULATION A- Senior Parking Lot (on Madonna Dr.) POPULATION B- Faculty Parking Lot (by Cafeteria) Your team will need to count all the various species (Ford, Honda, etc.) Index). After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. Species Diversity Lab. After reading the lab, create your own purpose below: _____ _____ Pre-Lab Discussion Biodiversity, or the variety of species in a given area, is a growing issue for habitats around the world and more and more species become extinct or near extinction. -the sum total of all organisms in an area, taking into account the diversity of species, their genes, their populations, and their communities. ... it would be better to move the parking area near a more isolated place. After calculating . Write out and answer the following questions. In this activity we will use three indices of diversity to measure the species diversity of the cars in the faculty and student parking lots. It is commonly thought that the the more diverse an ecosystem is the more resistant it will be to environmental insult. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. If your school has multiple parking lots consider each lot a separate community of species. In this activity we will use three indices of diversity to measure the species diversity of the cars in the faculty and student parking lots. Section 1: Prelab Reading, Practice & Questions. More people from surrounding areas would be there, so it would be a greater sampling of "species". The purpose of this lab is to review the organisms found and determine the biodiversity of the ecosystem. 4. -         There are many ants under one rock, -         There is one spider moving around. S p i = n Determine the maximum and minimum values for the Shannon Diversity Index in the parking lot you surveyed. During this lab we went out to Arroyo Seco to gather information about the different biodiversity in a certain area. Calculate the Shannon-Weiner Indices for both populations. Calculate the Simpson Diversity Index for the parking lot. Post-lab Questions: 1. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. Indices of Diversity: Species Richness (R) The species richness is based solely on the number of species found in the given area and does not reflect the relative dominance of species. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. October 15, 2014 BIO 153 Lab Report: Species Diversity I. Many different kinds of plants, mammals, birds, fish, and other organisms make up our living world. H, calculate the species evenness . After determining the numb er of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. The Simpson’s index ranges from 0 to 1, where 0 means no diversity and 1 means infinite diversity. 2. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a … In an ecological survey designed to determine species diversity, a wildlife biologist might estimate the number of individuals of each species present in an area, then calculate a "diversity index" for the area. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. Introduction The diversity of species in an ecosystem can be used to determine the health of an ecosystem. The calculations of species diversity, evenness, and richness are the same as for a natural environment. In this lab you will calculate the Shannon Diversity Index for cars in a parking lot. After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. Calculate the biodiversity indices of all three groups. It is YOUR responsibility to organize the data into a chart and do all of the calculations on your OWN. Get summaries cars in three specific groups: Front of the Building. 5. Visit a natural area and mark off a plot area and collect data and as directed in class. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. Background: A paragraph at least (use the internet or your book – chapter 12 talks about reasons for biodiversity decline worldwide) Hypothesis: If we measure the biodiversity of the faculty parking lot and the student parking lot, … E [E=H/ln(S)], of each location. Shannon Diversity Index. Background: In this activity your "ecosystem" will be the school parking lot, and the "species" will be the cars. 3. The formula is: R = s Where: s = the number of species . Species richness is a measure of the number of different species present in an ecosystem, while species evenness measures the relative abundance of the various populations present in an ecosystem. Overall, we did find different biodiversities within our area and we wonder how many more species would we have discovered if we would have had a bigger plot are or what does the human interactions affect our data. Background: A paragraph at least (use the internet or your book – chapter 12 talks about reasons for biodiversity decline worldwide) Hypothesis: If we measure the biodiversity of the faculty parking lot and the student parking lot, … If you conducted this lab in a shopping mall parking lot, predict whether the Shannon Diversity Index would be high or low, and how it would compare to the school parking lots. 4. Background: A study of biodiversity requires an understanding of several terms and concepts. Procedure: 1. December 2017 Background: A central theme in ecology is . Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. H, calculate the species evenness . BACKGROUND: Simpson's Diversity Index is a measure of diversity. Purpose. With a Shannon Diversity Index of 2.375, the student parking lot was more diverse than the staff parking lot with its Shannon Diversity Index of 2.372. After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. Ecosystem-all organisms and nonliving entities that occur and interact in a particular area at the same time. 11. Calculate and compare species richness (N) for the different parking lots. This lab will be completed within the timespan of a week. Lab: Parking Lot Biodiversity. These two measurements species richness and evenness together allow us to consider species diversity of an ecosystem. List the single most abundant species in each set of data, and write a plausible explanation to explain why these are the most abundant species. Organize your team so that you collect your data as quickly as possible. 3. tat-the specific environment in which an organism lives, including both biotic and a biotic factor. Post lab Questions— Write out and answer the following questions. Species Diversity Lab. Developed by E. A. Betts . 5. As species richness and evenness increase, so diversity increases. We had predicted that we would only find five different species however; our hypothesis was wrong because we ended up finding more than five. As a class, we will be comparing the species diversity of the student and staff parking lots or of different plots taken on the field trip. Background: A study of biodiversity requires an understanding of several terms and concepts. Another human factor which causes a loss in biodiversity is litter. Organize your team so that you collect your data as quickly as possible. In ecology, it is often used to quantify the biodiversity of a habitat. Calculate the Simpson Diversity Index for the parking lot. The minimum Shannon Diversity Index was in the staff parking lot (2.372) and the maximum Shannon Diversity Index was in the student parking lot (2.375). 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